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Thermo Scentific

Dehydrated Culture Media


Code: CM0308 (Tablets)

To detect lysine decarboxylase production by salmonellae and some other Enterobacteriaceae.

Typical Formula*


Yeast extract






Bromocresol purple


pH 6.1 ± 0.2 @ 25°C

* Adjusted as required to meet performance standards 

Add 1 tablet to 5ml of distilled water in an appropriate bottle. Sterilise by autoclaving at 121°C for 15 minutes.

Lysine Decarboxylase Broth is a diagnostic medium which distinguishes salmonellae (and some other Enterobacteriaceae) by a distinct biochemical reaction.

Taylor’s modification of the medium1 shows an improved performance over the formulation described by Falkow2. This is achieved by omitting peptone from the medium, thus eliminating false positives caused by Citrobacter freundii and its paracolon types. These organisms utilise peptone as a nitrogen source, produce an alkaline reaction masking the absence of lysine decarboxylase.

Taylor’s modification shares the advantages of Falkow’s formulation over that of Moller3 in that it does not require anaerobic culture and low pH and it is relatively easy to control.

During the initial stages of incubation, fermentation of glucose by the organism, with acid production results in a colour change to yellow. On further incubation, if lysine is decarboxylated to cadaverine, there will be an alkaline reaction. The colour then changes to purple (positive). If the colour remains yellow, the reaction is negative.

Decarboxylase reactions of various members of the enterobacteriaceae on lysine


Lysine Decarboxylation

Salmonella species


Salmonella paratyphi A


Shigella species


Escherichia coli(including late-lactose variants
Alcalescens-Dispar) V


Citrobacter species (including the Bethesda-Ballerup group)


Providencia species


Proteus species


Serratia species


Klebsiella species


Enterobacter species


The medium is inoculated with the organism and incubated for 24 hours at 35°C.
Results after 24 hours:
Purple colour - positive reaction
Yellow colour - negative reaction

Storage conditions and Shelf life
Store the tablets at 2-8°C and use before the expiry date on the label.
Store the prepared medium at 2-8°C.

Dehydrated medium: blue/grey tablets
Prepared medium: blue/grey solution

Quality control

Positive control:

Expected results

Salmonella typhimurium ATCC® 14028 *

Turbid growth, purple medium

Negative control:


Citrobacter freundii ATCC® 8090 *

Turbid growth, yellow medium

* This organism is available as a Culti-Loop®

Use light inocula for the tubes of lysine medium.
Note the negative reaction of Salmonella paratyphi A.
Do not read the test after less than 24 hours incubation. Some organisms may require prolonged incubation for up to 4 days.

1. Taylor W. I. (1961) Appl. Microbiol. 9. 487-490.
2. Falkow S. (1958) Amer. J. Clin. Path. 29. 598-600.
3. Moller V. (1955) Acta Path. Microbiol. Scand. 36. 158-172.

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